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Barcelona’s Picasso Museum explores the artist’s collages in a new exhibition

This is the first exhibition unveiled by the new Museum’s director Bernardo Laniado-Romero. ‘A collage before collage’ shows Picasso’s representations in this technique that he officially invented in 1912. It runs from March 6th until June 3rd.


08 March 2012 04:03 PM



Barcelona (ACN).- The new exhibition \u2018A collage before collage\u2019 (Un collage abans del collage\u2019) of Barcelona\u2019s Picasso Museum shows Picasso\u2019s representations in this technique that he officially invented in 1912. The pasted images of these paintings, such as magazines, allow the study of Picasso's environment, the context where he lived in. This is the first exhibition unveiled by Bernardo Laniado-Romero, Barcelona Museum\u2019s new Director. Laniado-Romero presented his programme last week and said he had decided to continue along the same line as the last two directors of the Museum. He also explained that his objective is to reinforce the link between the museum and the city of Barcelona, and continue to seek international recognition for excellence. The temporary exhibition is on display from March 6th to June 3rd.

During the spring of 1912, Pablo Picasso invented artistic collage. However, 13 years before, in 1899, his painting called \u2018Home arrepenjat en una paret\u2019 includes a pasted image of an actress. This representation is the centre of the new exhibition at Barcelona\u2019s Picasso Museum titled \u2018Un collage abans del collage\u2019 (\u2018A collage before collage\u2019), which explores Picasso\u2019s collages and why he pasted printed images on its paintings at the beginnings of cubism.

The attached images of stickers, matchboxes, magazines and advertising posters, allow for the contextualisation of the period and the artist\u2019s surroundings. The outcome of the study of Picasso\u2019s work \u2018Home arrepenjat en una paret\u2019 shows that his first collage was not made with the idea of being revolutionary. Fèlix Fanés, the exhibition curator, explains that \u201Cit was related to the visual environment of the period\u201D. Picasso\u2019s first collage was the result of his interest in the world of serial reproduction and graphic art during the first years of the 20th century.

The collage technique is linked to cubism and represents the end of the old type of representation connected to pigment, and the beginning of the extraction of industrially reproduced messages. In his collages Picasso absorbed and reproduced what surrounded him. They are based on popular culture, mass consumption, advertisements and industrial reproduction.

The temporary exhibition consists of 107 pieces. It includes 32 Picasso representations and 8 paintings of Ramon Casas. The remaining pieces are documentation such as photos, magazines, posters and postcards. From March 6th to June 3rd visitors to the exhibition can see  14 films created between 1896 and 1900 from authors such as Lumière and Méliès, amongst others.

Laniado-Romero, the new director of Barcelona\u2019s Picasso Museum

\u2018Un collage abans del collage\u2019 is the first exhibition unveiled by the new director of Barcelona\u2019s Picasso Museum, Bernardo Laniado-Romero (Guayaquil, Ecuador, 1964). He took over last month, after winning an international competition. Laniado-Romero studied at the Institute of Fine Art of the University of New York, and he was director of Malaga\u2019s Picasso Museum between 2004 and 2009.

After the evaluation of 15 applications by an expert commission, Xavier Trias, Mayor of Barcelona, and Jaume Ciurana, Councillor for Culture of Barcelona\u2019s City Council, presented the new director on February 29th. Ciurana said he expects Laniado-Romero to make more links between Picasso, Barcelona and Catalonia.

The expert commission was composed by the critic and art historian and member of the \u2018Culture Council of Barcelona\u2019 Daniel Giralt-Miracle; the former Director of the Tate Modern of London and curator Vicent Todolí; the art historian Marilyn McCully; the Deputy Director of the Centre Pompidou of Paris Brigitte Léal; the Director of the Miró Foundation Rosa Maria Malet; the Director of Heritage, Museums and Archives of the Barcelona\u2019s Culture Institute Josep Lluís Alay; and the Director of Cultural Promotion at Barcelona\u2019s Culture Institute, Llucià Homs.

The appointment of a new director for Barcelona\u2019s Picasso Museum comes after the enlargement of the facilities, with the Centre of Knowledge and Research on Picasso, and the creation of Picasso\u2019s Foundation. This last organisation was created to give a more autonomous management to the Museum and will be operational by June or July of 2012.

The strategy of Laniado-Romero

Bernardo Laniado-Romero asserts that his strategy is \u201Cdo not discard the good, but strengthen it\u201D. That is why he has opted to continue the work undertaken by the last two directors of Barcelona\u2019s Picasso Museum, Maria Teresa Ocaña and Pepe Serra, promoting the link between Picasso\u2019s Museum and Barcelona and Catalonia; and to reinforce the international connections of the Museum through its website.


  • Picasso's 'Home arrepenjar en una paret', with a pasted printed image (by M. Amengual)

  • Bernardo Laniado-Romero, the new Director of Barcelona's Picasso Museum (by M. Amengual)

  • Picasso's 'Home arrepenjar en una paret', with a pasted printed image (by M. Amengual)
  • Bernardo Laniado-Romero, the new Director of Barcelona's Picasso Museum (by M. Amengual)