Spain experiences historic 11% GDP slump in 2020 due to pandemic
Very slight 0.4% economic growth over fourth quarter
Spain's GDP contracted by 11% in 2020 compared to the previous year as a result of the pandemic and the restrictions imposed in an attempt to curb the spread of the virus that the INE describes as an "unprecedented challenge" with wide-ranging consequences.
Although there was 0.4% growth over the fourth quarter, it was far from the 16.4% increase experienced over the summer following the drastic 17.9% plummet during strict lockdown months of the spring.
Fourth-quarter growth was still down 9% on third-quarter gains and 9.1% below the October-December 2019 figures.