Goya highlights on show in Barcelona exhibition
‘The Clothed Maja’, ‘the Quitasol’, ‘the Puppet’ or the ‘Witches Flight’ are some of the canvases included in the largest retrospective exhibition on Goya organised in Barcelona in the last 35 years. Held at the Catalan capital’s CaixaForum, the exhibition ‘Goya. Lights and Shadows’ is organised by the social work foundation of the Catalan bank La Caixa and the Prado Museum. 96 pieces of the Aragon master’s work, including oil paintings, drawings and picture cards, will be on display for free until May 24th.
Barcelona (ACN).- Most of Goya\u2019s master pieces are in Barcelona in the largest exhibition of the Aragon\u2019s master work organised in the Catalan capital in the last 35 years. The Clothed Maja\u2019, \u2018the Quitasol\u2019, \u2018the Puppet\u2019 or the \u2018Witches Flight\u2019 are some of the Goya highlights that are included in the exhibition held in Barcelona\u2019s CaixaForum, running from this Thursday until May 24th. \u2018Goya. Lights and shadows\u2019 is organised by the Catalan savings bank \u2018La Caixa\u2019 and Madrid\u2019s Prado Museum, where these works are normally kept. 96 Goya works will be on show in Barcelona: 27 oil paintings, 44 drawings, 23 picture cards, and 2 letters. They are displayed in chronological order and explain Francisco Goya\u2019s main periods of work.
The exhibition is divided into 15 different spaces, which present different visual speeches that analyse the main themes the Spanish artist explored throughout his life, in the late 18th and early 19th century. The first space is called \u2018I am like this\u2019 and analyses his self-portrait. Another space is \u2018Invention and execution\u2019, which is formed by 7 picture cards, the cardboard work for tapestries that focused on popular themes and the lifestyle of the time; the famous \u2018the Quitasol\u2019 is among the works on display. A third area is \u2018Lies and inconstancy\u2019, which analyses the image of women in Goya\u2019s painting. \u2018The Clothed Maja\u2019, \u2018the Puppet\u2019 or \u2018Youngster Sweeping\u2019 are part of this area. A fourth room focuses on the master\u2019s \u2018Caprichos\u2019, called \u2018Caricatures, dreams and caprices\u2019, which displays 4 drawings and 3 picture cards from this famous series.
Another space with \u2018Caprichos\u2019 is \u2018Hell gang\u2019, which shows 3 picture cards and one drawing, including the \u2018Witches Flight\u2019. In \u2018Kings and below\u2019, Goya\u2019s effort to grasp the character\u2019s psychology is explored, with a series of portraits, such, \u2018Carlos IV, in red\u2019 and \u2018Don Gaspar Melchor de Jovellanos\u2019. Another room is devoted to \u2018Fatal Consequences\u2019, and it shows drawings from the series \u2018War Disasters\u2019. It is followed by \u2018Disgraces Fair\u2019, in which the \u2018Veal Race\u2019 is shown. Some of the other spaces are \u2018Bad dreams\u2019, with drawings from the C Album; \u2018Condemn and Devotion\u2019 with examples of a religious Goya; \u2018Lucidity in the darkness\u2019 with drawings from the \u2018Nonsense\u2019 series; \u2018Grotesque Fables\u2019 with 5 drawings from his Bordeaux G Album; and, \u2018Fun and Violence\u2019 with 5 drawings from the H Album. Finally, the exhibition ends with \u2018I\u2019m still learning\u2019, showing one of his self-portraits (from 1815) and the drawing \u2018I\u2019m still learning\u2019.
The exhibition has been created by two of the world\u2019s main experts on Goya, who are also the curators: Manuela B. Mena, Conservation Head of Goya and 18th century painting at the Prado Museum, and José Manuel Matilla, Head of the Drawings and Picture Cards Department, also at the Prado. Matilla explained that \u2018Goya. Lights and Shadows\u2019 \u201Cis not an anthological exhibition\u201D. He added that it includes not only oil canvas but also drawings, picture cards and letters.
Mena emphasised that Goya\u2019s technique reaches a top level in its execution; clarifying that Goya was not a technique virtuoso, but he was absolutely singular. She said that Goya has been declared \u201Cthe father of almost everything\u201D, such as impressionism, surrealism, expressionism, and romanticism. However, she disagrees about Goya\u2019s influence on impressionism, but not about the other artistic movements, as \u201CGoya\u2019s style is very wide\u201D. For instance, she pointed out that there are many similarities between Goya and Delacroix. Precisely Barcelona\u2019s CaixaForum is also organising an exhibition on Delacroix at the same time.