Why is Catalonia key to the investiture of Pedro Sánchez as Spanish president?

With the Socialists and Podemos disagreeing over a joint government, their stance on Catalonia is what really sets them apart

Spain's acting president Pedro Sánchez (by Javier Barbancho)
Spain's acting president Pedro Sánchez (by Javier Barbancho) / Alan Ruiz Terol

Alan Ruiz Terol | Barcelona

July 5, 2019 04:40 PM

When Spain seems to be at a political standstill, it will help to keep an eye on Catalonia to understand what’s really going on.

Spain’s acting president, the Socialist Pedro Sánchez, will take his bid to reclaim the office to the congress floor at the end of July. If he fails, he will have a second chance in September. There will be no third attempt. The next step would be fresh polls in November: the fourth general election in as many years. We explain the circumstances that will end up determining the outcome of the current political stalemate.

Wait a minute. Didn’t Sánchez win the election already?

Yes, but he fell short of a parliamentary majority to rule alone. In Spain (just like in the United Kingdom) voters elect a number of lawmakers who are then responsible for appointing a new head of government. Seeking parliamentary approval when your party holds an overwhelming majority is a mere formality. When it doesn’t, it becomes a political chess game in which you’re forced to make concessions in order to get the support from political rivals. This is why Sánchez’s investiture is seen as a political gamble: as of today, he still doesn’t know whether his presidential bid will be rejected.

What parties could help Sánchez and the Socialists stay in power?

People’s Party, Ciutadans, and far-right Vox have repeatedly portrayed Sánchez as their political nemesis, accusing him of having secret deals with pro-independence parties and putting Spain’s unity at risk. So it would be quite a political u-turn if they decide to help Sánchez stay in power.

If the right-wing parties are not willing to back a Socialist government, the only options are left-wing Podemos, and Basque and Catalan parties, right?

That’s correct. They are indeed the same parties that helped Sánchez come to power in the first place a year ago, when he ousted the conservative Mariano Rajoy from power following a corruption scandal. This time, though, Podemos wants something in return for their votes: enter government and have its leader, Pablo Iglesias, sitting in Sánchez’s cabinet as a minister.Spain's president Pedro Sánchez (left) and Podemos leader Pablo Iglesias (by PSOE)

Why wouldn’t Sánchez accept Podemos proposal for a coalition government?

Many politicians in the Socialist party are wary of Iglesias, whose aim not long ago was to replace the Socialists as Spain’s main left-wing party. They believe that many voters would not receive getting too close to Podemos well. Moreover, Podemos got poor results in Spain’s recent local elections, so Sánchez believes that they are not in a good position to aim too high in negotiations. Polls also play an important role: if anything, the latest surveys have strengthened the Socialists bargaining power, predicting a stunning 10-point raise in a new election, robbing votes from virtually all its competitors.

The Socialists and Podemos have quite different stances on Catalonia. Is this a barrier in the negotiations?

Definitely. Sánchez recently stated: “We have great discrepancies with Podemos, such as how to solve the Catalan crisis. They defend the right to self-determination.” If the Socialists were to form a coalition cabinet with Podemos, they could face a huge government crisis when the verdict of the Catalan independence trial comes out next fall.