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Annual inflation in Spain skyrockets in December to record-high 6.7%

Electricity and food contribute to surge in prices not seen since 1992


30 December 2021 09:16 AM


ACN | Barcelona

The inflation in Spain as of December has skyrocketed to 6.7% compared to the prices twelve months before, the highest since 1992.

According to figures published by the INE statistics institute on Thursday, the Consumer Price Index (CPI) grew by over a point on November (5.6%), which was already a record-high in the past 29 years.

The cost of electricity is accountable for a big share of the surge, along with food. 

In December, electricity continued its upward trend that began in July and peaked at a daily average of €383.67/MWh on December 23, surpassing €400 in the evening, over eight times the price exactly 12 months before. 

These prices affect the 10 million households with contracts in the regulated electricity market known as the PVPC.

Have a listen to the Filling the Sink podcast on the rising energy costs published on October 23: 

To a lesser extent, food is also contributing to inflation, because a year ago its cost had decreased. 

At the other end of the scale, fuel has seen a price reduction since December 2020, when prices had significantly gone up. 

Inflation also soaring in Catalonia

In Catalonia, inflation is also soaring: pending December figures, prices registered an annual growth of 5.3% in November, a record-high and 0.1 percentage points higher than in October.

This is a record-high, taking into account that statistics on Catalonia’s inflation rate has only been recorded since 2002, whereas before then only data on the Spain-wide rate was collected.

As of November, the annual increase was again primarily due to higher prices for supplies such as water, gas and electricity (+14.7%) and fuels (+13.7%).

Additionally, the rise in prices of food and non-alcoholic beverages (+3.3%) was also noteworthy, as were restaurants and hotels (+2%).


  • Image of a washing machine, on August 12, 2021 (by Albert Cadanet)

  • Image of a washing machine, on August 12, 2021 (by Albert Cadanet)