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100,000 year old elephant remains found near Barcelona

It is the first time that the complete remains of an elephant have been found in the Catalan mountain range, Massís del Garraf, located in Greater Barcelona. Archaeologists from the University of Barcelona found the remains which have been dated as up to 100,000 years old. The remains were found in the ‘Cova del Rinoceront’ (Rhinoceros’ cave), in Castelldefels, a unique Palaeolithic site in Catalonia. The remains show that there were elephants in the central Catalan coastal area before the mammoths’ own arrival during the Ice Age.

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06 August 2012 10:18 PM

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ACN / David Tuxworth

Barcelona (ACN).- An archaeological excavation near Barcelona has discovered an approximately 100,000 year old skeleton of a young elephant, less than 7 years old. They are the first remains of an elephant found in the Massís del Garraf, a hilly area in Greater Barcelona, and what\u2019s more, the find is exceptional since the discovery of complete elephant skeletons in caves is rare in Catalonia. Up to now, the two back legs, the pelvis and the spine have been documented as anatomically connected, although only a small portion has been excavated from where the elephant was found, in the \u2018Cova del Rinoceront (Rhinoceros\u2019 cave), in Castelldefels. Researchers from the University of Barcelona are confident that the rest of the animal will be complete, but it won\u2019t be found until the next archaeological dig.


In Massís del Garraf, individual parts of pachyderm, such as tusks, have already been found, especially belonging to woolly mammoth skeletons. The findings show that there were elephants in the central Catalan coastal area before the mammoths\u2019 own arrival during the Ice Age. Therefore the recently discovered elephant remains, as well as numerous finds of Mediterranean tortoises in the same rhinoceros\u2019 cave in Castelldefels, show that 100,000 years ago the climate of the Catalan coastal area was warmer.

The \u2018Cova del Rinoceront\u2019 is a Palaeolithic site which ranges from 200,000 to 80,000 years BC and is unique to Catalonia. At the site, there are a lot of animal remains in an excellent state of preservation, although extensive mining of the limestone has destroyed a large part of the Rhinoceros cave, such as the original entrance. The remains that have been recovered suggest that the cave was a den of carnivores, which used the cave as shelter and where they brought their prey.

The archaeological excavations at the \u2018Cova del Rinoceront\u2019 in Castelldefels are led by researchers Joan Daura and Monze Sanz, members of the Quaternary Research Group-SERP of the University of Barcelona, which is directed by Professor of Prehistory, Josep Maria Fullola. Funding comes mainly from the Castelldefels City Council and the Catalan Government\u2019s Service of Archaeology and Palaeontology.

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  • The elephant's skeleton (by Universitat de Barcelona)

  • The elephant's skeleton (by B. Cazorla)

  • The elephant's skeleton (by Universitat de Barcelona)
  • The elephant's skeleton (by B. Cazorla)