Spain's investment in Catalan transport infrastructure falls to lowest level in 20 years
Barcelona’s Chamber of Commerce reported this Thursday that 2015 was the worst year in the historical data series, which dates back to 1997, in the rate of state investment in the transport infrastructure in Catalonia. Specifically, the Spanish Government executed only 59% of the budgeted investment in Catalonia, below the average of all the Spanish Autonomous Communities, which stood at 72%. The president of the Chamber, Miquel Valls, lamented in a press conference that the low degree of implementation of investment occurs on an initial budget which is already relatively small for Catalonia. Last year, the Spanish executive budgeted for the region 9.9% of total state investment in transport infrastructure, despite the Catalan GDP accounting for 18.9% of the state’s overall GDP.
Barcelona (CNA).- 2015 was the worst year regarding Spain’s investment in transport infrastructures in Catalonia since the historical data series began in 1997. According to a study published this Thursday by Barcelona’s Chamber of Commerce, last year Catalonia received 9.9% of the Spanish Government budget for transport infrastructure, despite Catalan GDP accounting for 18.9% of the total GDP of the state. Furthermore, the president of the Camber, Miquel Valls, denounced that only 59% of the budget was executed, in comparison to the average for all the regions of the State, which stood at 72%. According to this study, the 2015 budget for Catalonia totalled €949.5 million, but only 555.9 million worth of investment was executed.
"The findings are not new, but yes are quite worrying, because never before has such a low state investment in infrastructure in Catalonia been registered. Catalonia, not only has less budget that it should according to its GDP, but also the level of execution is lower than the average of the autonomous communities overall. The state is prioritising infrastructure such as the AVE in Galicia, aside from more productive investments such as the Mediterranean corridor, which has experienced a delay in development”, Valls argued.
In this vein, the president of the Chamber claimed that public investment in infrastructure should grow at the rate of GDP in order not to "impede" economic growth. "Currently, the lack of state investment is an obstacle for the Catalan economy and companies operating in the country", said Valls.
Renfe, one of the flagships of underinvestment in Catalonia
One of the flagships of underinvestment in Catalonia in terms of transportation infrastructures is Renfe. The public Spanish train operator has seen numerous incidences during the past decade, including entire collapses of the high-speed, medium and short distance services. In December 2009, the Spanish Government transferred the management of secondary parts of the service such as cleaning, corporate image and time schedules to the Catalan Government. However it did not transfer the railway infrastructure, the stations, the electric systems or the trains. Therefore, the main part of the service was still directly managed by Spanish Government-owned companies, Adif and Renfe.
Indeed, Adif’s lack of investment in the short and medium distance railway network in Catalonia has been recently taken before the Court by the Catalan Government. The executive presented last Friday an appeal before Spain’s High Court, the ‘Audiencia Nacional’, accusing the Spanish public body in charge of railway infrastructure and the Spanish Ministry for Infrastructure of failing to fulfil the agreed investment plan. The project established a 306 million euros investment between 2014 and 2016, of which only 4.2% has so far been carried out. The Catalan Minister for Territory and Sustainability, Josep Rull insisted on the Government’s will to guarantee the “reliability” of the network, since it is estimated that in the last 4 years, more than 1,500 incidents on the railway service have been reported.
Andalusia, Castile and Leon and Galicia, regions with highest investment
According to the President of the Chamber, Miquel Valls, Andalusia, Castile and Leon and Galicia are the autonomous communities being better treated in infrastructure investment in relation to their contribution to the economy. On the other hand, the most abused are Catalonia, Madrid and Valencia, with the difference being that the implementation in Catalonia is much lower than initially budgeted, while in the case of Madrid investment executed exceeds the budget.
When asked whether the decline in investment in infrastructure has to do with the political situation, Valls stated: "Relations between the Government of Catalonia and the central government are not the best. Had this an impact on public investment? Here are the details...", pointing to the study.
The report of the Chamber of Commerce also states that the lack of state investment in infrastructure in Catalonia, understood as the difference between actual investment and that which would correspond to their economic weight, "has not only been reduced in the last year, but has expanded significantly". Thus, if the amount of state investment implemented in Catalonia remained between the 16% and 18% recorded between 2004 and 2010, this percentage fell from 2011 onward, and stood at 9.9% in 2015.
Economic growth forecast
Barcelona’s Chamber of Commerce presented this Thursday, and revised upwards, the growth forecasts for 2016, up to the 3.3%, due to the positive figures in employment and rising domestic consumption. According to Valls, the global slowdown and political instability have had "null" effect on the Catalan economy, which continues to grow stably "thanks to the entrepreneurial spirit of the entrepreneurship, which increases investment and exports", the president highlighted.
Exports to the EU rose by 3.8% between January and August, in comparison to the same period last year. However, the Chamber warned that it has begun to notice the effects of Brexit and the depreciation of the pound, as Catalan exports to the United Kingdom have fallen by 5%. Although the economy continues to grow, Valls made clear that "risks have not disappeared, only been postponed". For 2017 a slight slowdown is expected, but lower than that first predicted, and the year may close with a growth of 2.7%.